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(Autobots and decepticons)
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{{Nav-Animated}}
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{{Nav-Animated}}Fighters and Interceptors list of Autobots and decepticons.Linked Series Heavy Duty Gestalt Warrior.
  +
Albatros D.I (1916)
  +
Albatros D.II (1916)
  +
Albatros D.III (1916)
  +
Albatros D.V
  +
Aviatik C.VI
  +
Damiler L.6
  +
Fokker D.I
  +
Fokker D.II
  +
Fokker D.III
  +
Fokker D.IV
  +
Fokker D.V
  +
Fokker D.VI
  +
Fokker D.VII (1918)
  +
Fokker D.VIII (aka E.V) (1918)
  +
Fokker Dr.I (1917)
  +
Fokker E.I (1915)
  +
Fokker E.III (1916)
  +
Fokker E.IV (1916)
  +
Fokker E.V (aka D.VIII)
  +
Halberstadt D.II
  +
Junkers D.I (1918)
  +
Kondor D.VI
  +
Kondor E.III
  +
Naglo D.II
  +
Pfalz D.III
  +
Pfalz D.XII
  +
Pfalz Dr.I
  +
Pfalz E.I
  +
Pfalz E.II
  +
Roland D.II
  +
Roland D.VI
  +
Siemens-Schuckert D.I
  +
Siemens-Schuckert D.II
  +
Siemens-Schuckert D.III
  +
Siemens-Schuckert D.IV
  +
Zeppelin-Lindau D.I
  +
Bomber and ground attack
  +
Gotha G.V (1917)
  +
Junkers CL.I (1918)
  +
AEG G.I
  +
AEG G.II
  +
AEG G.III
  +
AEG G.IV
  +
AEG G.V
  +
AEG J.I (1916)
  +
AEG J.II (1918)
  +
AEG N.I
  +
AEG PE
  +
AEG R.I
  +
Patrol and Reconnaissance
  +
AEG B.I (1914)
  +
AEG B.II (1914)
  +
AEG B.III (1915)
  +
AEG C.I (March 1915)
  +
AEG C.II (October 1915)
  +
AEG C.III (prototype)
  +
AEG C.IV
  +
AEG C.V (prototype)
  +
AEG C.VI (prototype)
  +
AEG C.VII (prototype)
  +
AEG C.VIII (prototype)
  +
AEG D.I (prototype)
  +
AEG DJ.I (prototype)
  +
AEG Dr.I (prototype) (aka AEG F.1?)
  +
Albatros B.I
  +
Albatros B.II
  +
Albatros C.I (1915)
  +
Albatros C.III (1916)
  +
Albatros C.V
  +
Albatros C.VII
  +
Albatros C.IX
  +
Albatros C.X
  +
Albatros C.XII
  +
Aviatik B.I
  +
Aviatik C.I
  +
Brandenburg W12
  +
DFW C.V
  +
Etrich Taube
  +
Hannover CL.II
  +
Hannover CL.III
  +
Junkers J.I
  +
LVG B.I
  +
LVG C.II (1916)
  +
Rumpler C.IV
  +
Rumpler Taube (1911)
  +
Trainer
  +
Euler D.I
  +
Prototype
  +
AEG D.I
  +
AEG Dr.I (1917)
  +
Albatros C.II (prototype?)
  +
Fokker E.II (1915) (prototype?)
  +
Junkers J1 (1915) (first all-metal aircraft)
  +
Junkers J2 (1916)
   
'''''Transformers Animated''''' is a cartoon series which debuted on December 26, 2007, as part of the [[franchise]] of [[Transformers Animated|the same name]].
+
Britain:
   
The cartoon is produced by [[Cartoon Network]], scripted in the United States, with character and background designs by the crews behind shows like ''[[wikipedia:Teen Titans (TV series)|Teen Titans]]'' and ''[[wikipedia:Ben 10|Ben 10]]'', while animation is being provided by Japanese studios [[Mook]], [[The Answer Studio]], and [[Studio 4°C]].
+
De Havilland DH-2 (1915)
  +
Avro 504-J (1916)
  +
Sopwith Triplane (1916)
  +
Handley Page Type O (1916)
  +
Sopwith Pup (December 1916)
  +
SE-5 (1917)
  +
Bristol F.2A (April 1917)
  +
Sopwith Camel(1917)
  +
Bristol F-2B (1917)
  +
Vickers Vimy
  +
Handley Page V/1500 (1918)
   
''Animated'' sees several ''Generation One'' voice actors reprise their old roles, including [[Susan Blu]], [[Corey Burton]], [[John Moschitta]], and [[Judd Nelson]], and is the first ''Transformers'' show featuring [[David Kaye]] in which he doesn't voice a Megatron but an Optimus Prime.
 
   
==Overview==
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France:
{{see|Transformers Animated timeline}}
+
Blériot XI
[[Image:TransformersAnimatedPoster.jpg||thumb|250px|left|"When there's trouble you know who to call..."]]
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Breguet 14 (1917)
''Animated'' follows the adventures of a small crew of Autobots, who come into possession of the all-powerful AllSpark artifact. Stranded on Earth and living among the population of [[Detroit]], they face off against a series of human villains and their mighty Decepticon foes, who seek to possess the AllSpark. Though they were originally a lowly space bridge repair crew, these five Autobots must rise to their circumstances to deal with threats large and small.
+
Caudron G.4
  +
Hanriot HD.1
  +
Maurice Farman S.11 (1914)
  +
Caudron G-III (Bomber) (1915)
  +
Morane-Saulnier L
  +
Morane-Saulnier P
  +
Nieuport 11
  +
Nieuport 12
  +
Nieuport 16
  +
Nieuport 17 (1916)
  +
Nieuport 23
  +
Nieuport 27
  +
Nieuport 28
  +
Salmson 2
  +
SPAD VII (August 1916)
  +
SPAD XII
  +
SPAD XIII (1917)
  +
Morane-Saulnier N (1917)
   
The series eschews the ever-continuing space opera storylines of the [[Unicron Trilogy]] cartoons to return to the episodic approach of ''[[Beast Wars (cartoon)|Beast Wars]]''; most episodes are standalone stories, but with larger story arcs that stretch through the whole series. The focus is on characterization, dynamic action, and humor.
 
   
The episodes center not only on the war between the [[Autobot]]s and the [[Decepticon]]s, but also on the Autobots' interactions with many of [[Detroit]]'s [[human]] supervillain denizens, including a [[Angry Archer|maladjusted marksman]], a [[Nanosec|speedy racer]], and a guy who [[Prometheus Black|looks good in a pimp suit]]. The idea is to present the Decepticons as more of an ongoing background threat instead of having them be repeatedly defeated each episode and look like bumbling fools. The arrival of a Decepticon in battle is a big deal, requiring multiple Autobots working together to stop even a single one. The human villains give the Autobots "everyday" threats, and some of their schemes are the result of Decepticon treachery. Note well: [[Doctor Arkeville|human]] [[Lord Chumley|adversaries]] [[Circuit Breaker|are]] [[Cobra Commander|not]] [[Abdul Fakkadi|new]] [[Lazarus|in]] [[Hydra and Buster|''Transformers'']] [[Overlord (Masterforce)|continuity]].
+
Italy:
  +
Caproni Ca.1 (Bomber) (1915)
  +
Caproni Ca.2 (Bomber) (1915)
  +
Caproni Ca.3 (Bomber) (1915)
  +
Caproni Ca.4 (Bomber) (1918)
  +
Caproni Ca.5 (Bomber) (1918?)
  +
Russia:
  +
Sikorsky Ilya Muromets (Bomber) (1914)
   
While the series is not a sequel to the [[Transformers (film)|live-action movie]], they have many thematic elements in common, most notably the central role of the [[AllSpark (Animated)|AllSpark]] and the revelation that all modern technology has been reverse-engineered from the dormant body of [[Megatron (Animated)|Megatron]]. Hasbro also carried over some design elements from the live-action movie into Animated designs, including not just the aforementioned cube but also [[Ratchet (Animated)|Ratchet]]'s medical readout striped deco, [[Bumblebee (Animated)|Bumblebee]]'s black racing stripe, and [[Megatron (Animated)|Megatron]]'s helmet. These are meant to be "connection points," helping kids who had seen the theatrical film but had no prior Transformers experience ease into understanding the new series.
 
   
The series also includes many elements and homages to prior Transformers series. Most conspicuously, it has many parallels to [[G1|Generation One]] character designs, personalities, and major characteristics; [[Shockwave (Animated)|Shockwave]], [[Arcee (Animated)|Arcee]] and [[Blurr (Animated)|Blurr]] are even voiced by the same voice actors as their G1 analogues. [[Beast Wars]] gets nods in the form of the inclusion of new versions/homages of [[Blackarachnia (Animated)|Blackarachnia]] and [[Wasp|Waspinator]], plus the overall plot structure: the main war is over, the good guys won, but now a small team of heroes never meant for combat roles must go up against an upstart cell of villains led by a charismatic rogue.
+
United States:
  +
Curtiss JN-4D (1917)
  +
American DH-4 (Britain/U.S.) (1918)
  +
Loening M-8 (1918)
  +
Navy-Curtiss F-5L (1918)
   
==Cast==
+
The Early Years of War WW1
<!--
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The early years of war saw canvas-and-wood aircraft used primarily to function as mobile observation vehicles. This was an improvement over the vulnerable Zeppelin and the immobile observation balloon. Enemy pilots at first exchanged waves and later progressed to throwing bricks and other objects (grenades and sometimes rope, which they hoped would tangle their enemy's propellor), which eventually progressed to guns. Once the guns were mounted to their planes, the era of air combat began.
   
This cast list is for characters who *have appeared* in the show and not include MINOR guest characters. Characters who we *believe* will be in the show *do not* appear here until the episode actually airs. Toy-only characters go on the Transformers Animated (toyline) page.
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Like most other technologies during wartime, the aircraft underwent many improvements (though it might be argued that the most drastic changes occurred during the so-called "Golden Age of Flight" in the between-wars period of the 1920s and 1930s). To appreciate the sense of these improvements, compare designs such as the infamous Fokker Dr. 1 with early war aircraft, whose designs were not much different from the original unstable Wright Flyer, which took its first flight over a decade earlier.
   
Currently, "Guests" are characters who have appeared only once each. This guideline will probably change as time passes.
+
Aircraft of this early period included the Maurice Farman "Shorthorn" and "Longhorn", D.F.W. BI, Rumpler Taube, B.E. 2a, A.E.G. BII, Bleriot XI, and the Penguin.
   
-->
+
With limited power, aircraft engines could only afford a certain amount of weight and, though made of mostly canvas and wood, could only afford to be monoplanes (one-winged). Another major limitation was the early mounting of machine guns, which was awkward due to the position of the propeller. Since the pilot usually sat behind the propellor, it was natural to have the gun mounted between the two, but this would make the gun fire through the propellor. Frenchman Roland Garros attempted to solve this problem by attaching metal deflectors to the blades of his propellor, which he hoped would deflect the bullets rather than splinter the wood propellor. However, this was an inadequate - and somewhat dangerous - solution. Therefore, the best remedy at the time was to mount the gun above the propeller. In the monoplanes this resulted in a few more wires that had to be strung from the wings to the gun in order to keep the gun steady.
{|border=5 cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5 align=center style="border:#800000"
 
! style="background:#FFEEEE" | [[Autobot]]s
 
! style="background:#EEEEFE" | [[Decepticon]]s
 
! style="background:antiquewhite" | [[Human]]s
 
|-
 
| style="background:#FFEEEE" valign="top" |
 
;Main Cast
 
* [[Optimus Prime (Animated)|Optimus Prime]] ([[David Kaye]])
 
* [[Bulkhead (Animated)|Bulkhead]] ([[Bill Fagerbakke]])
 
* [[Bumblebee (Animated)|Bumblebee]] ([[Bumper Robinson]])
 
* [[Prowl (Animated)|Prowl]] ([[Jeff Bennett]])
 
* [[Ratchet (Animated)|Ratchet]] ([[Corey Burton]])
 
   
;[[Dinobot (Animated)|Dinobots]]
+
Yet mounting the gun like this became a problem when the gun needed reloading or had jammed - the pilot must reach up to the gun to service it.
* [[Grimlock (Animated)|Grimlock]] (David Kaye)
 
* [[Snarl (Animated)|Snarl]]
 
* [[Swoop (Animated)|Swoop]]
 
   
;[[Cybertron Elite Guard]]
+
By this time in the war the aircraft had become more than a mobile observatory - it was now a weapon. Dog fights erupted in the skies between the powers - planes went down in flames and heroes were born. The need grew for a better plane, as well as better gun armament. And this was not limited to the air - on the ground, methods were being used that were introduced before the war to deter enemy planes from observation and bombing. Artillery rounds were shot into the air and clouds of smoke and shrapnel, called flak, provided enemy aircraft with an obstacle course to fly around.
* [[Ultra Magnus (Animated)|Ultra Magnus]] (Jeff Bennett)
 
* [[Sentinel Prime (Animated)|Sentinel Minor / Sentinel Prime / Sentinel Magnus]] ([[Townsend Coleman]])
 
* [[Safeguard (Animated)|Safeguard]]
 
** [[Jetfire (Animated)|Jetfire]] ([[Tom Kenny]])
 
** [[Jetstorm (Animated)|Jetstorm]] ([[Phil LaMarr]])
 
* [[Blurr (Animated)|Blurr]] ([[John Moschitta Jr.]])
 
* [[Jazz (Animated)|Jazz]] (Phil LaMarr)
 
* [[Warpath (Animated)|Warpath]] (David Kaye)
 
* [[Dai Atlas (Animated)|Dai Atlas]]
 
   
;[[Cybertron Intelligence]]
+
Anti-aircraft artillery were used around key strategic targets - airdromes (air bases) and observation balloons mainly. As observation balloons became frequent targets of the enemy, the sites were heavily armed with anti-aircraft artillery. The canvas bags full of hot air were all but defenseless; they were easy to shoot down, especially once pilots started arming their planes with incendiary bullets.
* [[Highbrow (Animated)|Highbrow]] (David Kaye)
 
* [[Arcee (Animated)|Arcee]] ([[Susan Blu]])
 
* [[Cliffjumper (Animated)|Cliffjumper]] (David Kaye)
 
   
;[[Space Bridge Security Crew]]
+
And now new innovation was needed. The aircraft had advanced from the fragile Wright-like designs of the early war years to the more stable and better-designed biplanes including the D.H.-2 (1915-Britain) and the Caudron G-III (1915-France). The former was a forward-firing aircraft with a propellor positioned in the rear of the plane, behind the pilot, allowing the gun to be accessible to the pilot for in-flight repair and reloading (this so-called "pusher" plane design enjoyed a brief period of popularity during 1914-1915). The drawback was that the plane was unstable and not very manueverable.
* [[Rodimus Prime (Animated)|Rodimus Prime]] ([[Judd Nelson]])
 
* [[Brawn (Animated)|Brawn]]
 
* [[Hot Shot (Animated)|Hot Shot]] (Bill Fagerbakke)
 
* [[Ironhide (Animated)|Ironhide]] (Corey Burton)
 
* [[Red Alert (Animated)|Red Alert]] ([[Tara Strong]])
 
   
;[[Autobot Ministry of Science]]
+
The Fokker Scourge
* [[Mainframe (Animated)|Mainframe]]
+
Yet these planes were no match to the Fokker E-I (1915-Germany), a plane with a propellor in front and a gun mounted directly behind it. The gun was actually made to physically be linked through gears to the propellor in order to fire through the propellor blade intervals, an ingenious solution provided by Anthony Fokker, the man behind the plane. In 1915 the Fokker E-I was top-of-the-line in design, manueverability, and gun placement. The result was devastating for the Allied powers, and a solution was needed fast.
* [[Perceptor (Animated)|Perceptor]] ([[Wikipedia:PlainTalk|PlainTalk]])
 
* [[Wheeljack (Animated)|Wheeljack]]
 
   
;[[Cyber-Ninja Corps]]
+
The Fokker E-I's foil came in the form of the Nieuport 17 (1916-France), a biplane with a propellor in front and, as needed, a gun placed directly behind the propellor. No doubt the Allies by this time had managed to shoot down at least one E-I, as tough a task as it was, and had dissected and copied its inner-workings.
* [[Yoketron]] ([[George Takei]])
 
* [[Grandus (Animated)|Grandus]] (Jeff Bennett)
 
* [[Tap-Out (Animated)|Tap-Out]]
 
   
;Others
+
Bloody April
* [[Alpha Trion (Animated)|Alpha Trion]] (Phil LaMarr)
+
(Main Article) During the First World War, the month of April 1917 was known as Bloody April by the Allied air forces. The Royal Flying Corps suffered losses so severe it came close to being annihilated. In April the Allies launched a joint offensive with the British attacking near Arras in Artois, northern France, while the French Nivelle Offensive was launched on the Aisne and the air forces were called on to provide support, predominantly in reconnaissance and artillery spotting.
* [[Teletran-1]] (Tara Strong) / [[Omega Supreme (Animated)|Omega Supreme]] (Kevin Michael Richardson/[[Phil LaMarr]])
 
* [[Wreck-Gar (Animated)|Wreck-Gar]] ([["Weird Al" Yankovic]])
 
   
| style="background:#EEEEFE" valign="top" |
+
Bombers
;Main Cast
+
Bombers were introduced to replace the more vulnerable Zeppelin.
* [[Megatron (Animated)|Megatron]] (Corey Burton)
 
*<!--
 
   
THE PREDACONS ARE NOT AN ACTUAL SUB-GROUP IN ANIMATED. IF YOU MOVE BLACKARACHNIA AND WASPINATOR TO THAT SECTION, IT WILL BE CONSIDERED VANDALISM
+
The most famous and successful bombers of the war were the Gotha G's, which conducted bombing raids on London. Though it has been agreed that the most damage done by them was to British morale, which took a devastating turn at the thought that the bombers could so easily penetrate defenses.Brewster F2A "Buffalo" Fighters
   
--> [[Blackarachnia (Animated)|Elita-1 / Blackarachnia]] ([[Cree Summer]])
+
The Brewster F2A, the U.S. Navy's first monoplane shipboard fighter, saw brief combat service during the first half-year of the Pacific War. Built in 1936-38, Brewster's XF2A-1 prototype bested the Grumman XF4F-2 in a competition to replace the Grumman F3F biplane fighter. A production contract for F2A-1 production aircraft followed in June 1938. Production difficulties, a continuing problem throughout the life of the Brewster company, delayed service introduction until late 1939, when F2A-1s began to join USS Saratoga's Fighting Squadron Three (VF-3). Only eleven of the fifty-four F2A-1s entered Navy service. The rest were modified and sold to Finland, where they served with considerable success against Soviet aircraft during 1941-44 and against the Germans in 1944-45. Other versions of the F2A were subsequently employed against the Japanese by the British Royal Air Force and the Netherlands East Indies Army Air Corps.
* [[Starscream (Animated)|Starscream]] (Tom Kenny)
 
* [[Blitzwing (Animated)|Blitzwing]] (Bumper Robinson)
 
* [[Lugnut]] (David Kaye)
 
   
;[[Starscream clone]]s
+
In 1940, deliveries began of 43 F2A-2 fighters, which had the 1200 horsepower Wright "Cyclone" engine in place of the F2A-1's 950 horsepower version, plus numerous other improvements. Eight F2A-1s were also rebuilt to F2A-2 standards. Initially serving with VF-3 and USS Lexington's VF-2, this model was a fast, nimble and well-armed fighting plane, though plagued (as were subsequent F2As) with an overly-delicate retractable landing gear and a maintenance-hungry powerplant.
* [[Skywarp (Animated)|Skywarp]] (Tom Kenny)
 
* [[Thundercracker (Animated)|Thundercracker]] (Tom Kenny)
 
* [[Sunstorm (Animated)|Sunstorm]] (Tom Kenny)
 
* [[Ramjet (Animated)|Ramjet]] (Tom Kenny)
 
* [[Slipstream (Animated)|Slipstream]] (Tara Strong)
 
* [[Clone number 2716057]] (Tom Kenny)
 
* [[Clone number 3370318]] (Tom Kenny)
 
   
;[[Constructicon (Animated)|Constructicons]]
+
The Navy ordered a final 108 Brewster fighters in January 1941. These F2A-3s featured a longer fuselage, increased fuel and ammunition capacity, additional armor and considerably greater weight. Range was better, but speed, maneuverability, climb rate and service ceiling were substantially degraded. By the beginning of the Pacific War, the F2A, by then also known by the popular name "Buffalo", was passing out of carrier squadron service in favor of the F4F-3. The "Buffalos" were transferred to the Marines, who assigned them to units defending Pacific island bases.
* [[Dirt Boss (Animated)|Dirt Boss]] ([[John Mariano]]) (?)
 
* [[Scrapper (Animated)|Scrapper]] (Tom Kenny)
 
* [[Mixmaster (Animated)|Mixmaster]] (Jeff Bennett) (?)
 
   
;[[Team Chaar]]
+
The Brewster fighter's only U.S. combat use, on 4 June 1942 during the Battle of Midway, dramatically showed the inferiority of the F2A-3 when confronted by the Japanese Navy's "Zero" carrier fighters and well-trained aviators. In a brief battle against greatly superior numbers, Midway Island's Marine Fighting Squadron 221 (VMF-221) lost thirteen of twenty F2A-3s. Soon after, the "Buffalo" was removed from combat units and assigned to advanced training duty. In that role, it helped new U.S. fighter pilots enhance their skills before they joined operational squadrons. The aging F2A-2s and F2A-3s remained in the trainng mission into 1943, and a few were still in service in 1944-45.
* [[Strika (Animated)|Strika]] (Tara Strong)
 
* [[Blackout (Animated)|Blackout]] (Bumper Robinson)
 
* [[Cyclonus (Animated)|Cyclonus]]
 
* [[Oil Slick (Animated)|Oil Slick]] (Phil LaMarr)
 
* [[Spittor (Animated)|Spittor]]
 
   
;Supreme Clones
+
F2A-3 characteristics:
* [[Lugnut Supreme]]
+
Dimensions: Wing Span, 35 feet; Length, 26 feet, 4 inches; Wing Area, 209 square feet.
* [[Starscream Supreme]]
+
Weights: Empty, 4894 pounds; Gross, 7253 pounds Powerplant: One 1200 horsepower Wright R-1820-40 radial engine.
  +
Armament: Four .50 caliber machine guns (two firing forward through the engine cowling; one in each wing).
  +
Performance (at gross weight): Maximum Speed, 320 m.p.h. (@ 14,500 feet).
  +
Curtiss F9C "Sparrowhawk" Fighters --
   
;Others
+
As a result of their dramatic operations with the Navy's short-lived airships Akron (ZRS-4) and Macon (ZRS-5), the Curtiss F9C biplane fighters gained fame all out of proportion to their small number. The type originated with a May 1930 specification for a small aircraft carrier-based fighter. The resulting XF9C-1 (Bureau of Aeronautics serial # 8731) was built under a June 1930 contract and delivered in March 1931. Tested over the next several months, it showed good performance but was not particularly suitable for carrier use. However, the plane did have one significant feature: it was the only available combat airplane small enough to fit through the hangar door of the dirigible Akron, which was then nearing completion. Accordingly, the XF9C-1 was modified with a "skyhook" that would allow launching and recovery from the airship's "trapeze" airplane handling device. The plane first "landed" on the older airship Los Angeles (ZR-3) in October 1931 and subsequently was actively employed in developmental operations with the Akron.
* [[Lockdown (Animated)|Lockdown]] ([[Lance Henriksen]])
 
* [[Soundwave (Animated)|Soundwave]] (Jeff Bennett)
 
** [[Laserbeak (Animated)|Laserbeak]]
 
** [[Ratbat (Animated)|Ratbat]]
 
* [[Swindle (Animated)|Swindle]] ([[Fred Willard]])
 
*<!-- SHOCKWAVE IS NEVER PART OF THE MAIN CAST. HE DID NOT APPEAR IN EVERY SEASON. IF YOU MOVE HIM TO THAT SECTION, IT S CALLED VANDALISM--> [[Shockwave (Animated)|Shockwave / Longarm Prime]] (Corey Burton)
 
* <!--
 
   
THE PREDACONS ARE NOT AN ACTUAL SUB-GROUP IN ANIMATED. IF YOU MOVE BLACKARACHNIA AND WASPINATOR TO THAT SECTION, IT WILL BE CONSIDERED VANDALISM
+
The XF9C-1's successful new role resulted in the construction of seven modified versions, the XF9C-2 (Bureau # 9264) which was a 1931 private Curtiss project that was purchased by the Navy in November 1932, and the production F9C-2s (#s 9056-9061). The latter were built under an October 1931 contract and were the only "Sparrowhawks" that were suitable for operational, as opposed to experimental, use. The first of these was flown in April 1932 and began work with Akron late June. Further modifications resulted and all six F9C-2s were in Navy hands by September 1932. These planes worked with Akron until her loss on 4 April 1933. They were then transferred to the heavier-than-air unit of Macon, which was nearing completion. From late 1933 until early 1935 they were vigorously employed in efforts to demonstrate the dirigible's value as a unit of the United States Fleet. Beginning in mid-1934 they generally had their wheeled landing gear replaced with a "teardrop" fuel tank whenever they were based on board Macon, thus considerably improving their endurance, an important element in extending the strategic scouting reach of the airship-airplane team.
   
-->[[Wasp|Wasp / Waspinator]] (Tom Kenny)
+
Unfortunately, this aspect of Naval aviation history abruptly ended when Macon crashed at sea on 12 February 1935. Four F9C-2s were lost with her. The two survivors (#s 9056 and 9057) were subsequently used in Fleet utility work. F9C-2 # 9057 was disposed of in 1937, but # 9056 remained in Navy service until 1940, when it was transferred to the Smithsonian Institution for preservation as a museum artifact. The XF9C-1 was surveyed in 1936 and the XF9C-2 was wrecked late in that same year.
   
| style="background:antiquewhite" valign="top" |
+
F9C-2 characteristics:
;Main Cast
+
Dimensions: Wing Span, 25.5 feet; Length, 21.1 feet; Wing Area, 185.4 square feet.
* [[Isaac Sumdac]] (Tom Kenny)
+
Weights: Empty, 2114 pounds; Gross, 2776 pounds Powerplant: One 400 horsepower Wright R-975-22 single-row radial engine.
* [[Sari Sumdac]] (Tara Strong)
+
Armament: Two .30 caliber fixed forward-firing machine guns.
* [[Captain Fanzone]] (Jeff Bennett)
+
Performance (at 2776 pounds): Maximum Speed, 176.5 miles per hour.
  +
Grumman F3F Fighters
   
;[[Society of Ultimate Villainy]]
+
The Grumman F3F was a development of the F2F-1, featuring a longer fuselage and greater wingspan. The prototype XF3F-1 (Bureau # 9727) first flew in early 1935. It crashed in May of that year and was replaced with a second prototype, with the same serial number. Fifty-four production F3F-1 fighters (Bu#s 0211 through 0264) were delivered to the Navy in 1936, initially serving with USS Saratoga (CV-3) and USS Ranger (CV-4) fighting squadrons.
* [[Slo-Mo]] (Tara Strong)
 
* [[A.A. Archer|Angry Archer]] (Jeff Bennett)
 
* [[Nino Sexton|Nanosec]] ([[Brian Posehn]])
 
* [[Penny Princess|Professor Princess]] ([[Kath Soucie]])
 
   
;[[:Category:Supervillains|Other Supervillains]]
+
Featuring a more powerful engine for better performance, a larger engine cowling and a different cockpit canopy design, the prototype XF3F-2 (Bu# 0452) began Navy testing in January 1937. Eighty-one F3F-2 models were ordered (Bu#s 0967-1047). These initially equipped two Marine Corps fighting squadrons and that of USS Enterprise (CV-6) during 1938. One of these (Bu# 1031) became the XF3F-3. Twenty-seven F3F-3 fighters (Bu#s 1444-1470) were delivered in 1938-39, serving with Fighting Squadron Five in USS Yorktown (CV-5).
* [[Meltdown (Animated)|Meltdown]] ([[Peter Stormare]])
 
* [[Cyrus Rhodes|Colossus Rhodes]] (Corey Burton)
 
* [[Fusion creature|Meltdown's Experiments]]
 
* [[Henry Masterson|The Headmaster]] ([[Alexander Polinsky]])
 
* [[Master Disaster]] (Bill Fagerbakke)
 
   
;Others
+
The Grumman F3F served with front-line squadrons until 1940-41. During the first part of World War II, the surviving planes were used for advanced training and in utility roles.
* [[Porter C. Powell]] (Bumper Robinson)
+
Grumman F4F "Wildcat" Fighters
* [[Mayor Edsel]] [[Mayor Edsel's Press Secretary]] (Tara Strong)
 
* [[Spike Witwicky (Animated)|Spike]] (Corey Burton)
 
* [[Carly Witwicky (Animated)|Carly]] (Tara Strong)
 
* [[Daniel Witwicky (Animated)|Daniel]] (Tara Strong)
 
* [[Sparkplug (Animated human)|Sparkplug]] (Bumper Robinson, David Kaye)
 
   
|}
+
The Grumman F4F was the primary Navy and Marine Corps fighter during the first year and a half of World War II. A developed form, the General Motors FM-2, remained in active combat through the end of the Pacific War. Though the stubby little F4F could not equal the speed and maneuverability of its Japanese counterpart, the "Zero", its rugged construction and superior armament, coupled with well-trained pilots and good tactics, ensured that it generally gave at least "as good as it got" during the crisis months of 1942.
   
==Episodes==
+
The F4F-1 was a biplane design, whose clear inferiority to the monoplane Brewster F2A-1 caused its complete recasting into the single-wing XF4F-2. When the Brewster fighter was chosen for production, Grumman's prototype was rebuilt as the XF4F-3 with new wings and tail and a supercharged version of the Pratt & Whitney R-1830 "Twin Wasp" radial engine. Testing of the XF4F-3 led to an order for F4F-3 production models, the first of which was completed in February 1940. France also ordered the type, powered by Wright R-1820 "Cyclone" radial engines. These ultimately went to the British Royal Navy, which called them "Martlet I"s. Both the British planes and the U.S. Navy's F4F-3 joined active units in 1940 with an armament of four .50 caliber Browning machine guns and a good ammunition supply.
{{see|List of Transformers Animated episodes}}
 
   
{|border=5 cellpadding=5 cellspacing=5 align=center style="border:#800000"
+
By the end of 1941 the Grumman F4F-3 (and similar F4F-3A) fighters, which had received the popular name "Wildcat" a few months earlier, had replaced the F2A in most U.S. Navy and Marine Corps fighting squadrons. A folding-wing version flew in April 1941 and entered service in early 1942 as the F4F-4. Prompted by British tactical concepts, it had six guns but less ammunition. The heavier F4F-4 was not as nimble nor as fast as the F4F-3, but the logic of wartime manufacturing left it as the sole remaining production version, and its folding wings made it possible to cram more valuable fighters into each aircraft carrier. By the Battle of Midway in June 1942, all the Pacific Fleet's carriers had the F4F-4 and fighting squadron pilots were learning, sometimes painfully, how to best employ it. Employ it they did, quite successfully, through the Pacific's intense Guadalcanal and Central Solomons campaigns and the Atlantic's North African operation.
! style="background:#F8F8F8" | Season 1: 2007-08
 
! style="background:#F8F8F8" | Season 2: 2008
 
! style="background:#F8F8F8" | Season 3: 2009
 
! style="background:#F8F8F8" | Shorts
 
   
|-
+
In late 1942 and early 1943, Grumman phased out production of the F4F-4 and General Motors' Eastern Aircraft Division took it up as the FM-1 (with two less guns). In all, the two companies produced some three-thousand "Wildcats" for the U.S. and Britain before GM's factories switched to the updated FM-2 in the later part of 1943.
| style="background:#F8F8F8" valign="top" |
 
# [[Transform and Roll Out|Transform and Roll Out (Part One)]]
 
# [[Transform and Roll Out|Transform and Roll Out (Part Two)]]
 
# [[Transform and Roll Out|Transform and Roll Out (Part Three)]]
 
# [[Home Is Where the Spark Is]]
 
# [[Total Meltdown]]
 
# [[Blast from the Past]]
 
# [[The Thrill of the Hunt]]
 
# [[Nanosec (episode)|Nanosec]]
 
# [[Along Came a Spider]]
 
# [[Sound and Fury]]
 
# [[Lost and Found (episode)|Lost and Found]]
 
# [[Survival of the Fittest]]
 
# [[Headmaster (episode)|Headmaster]]
 
# [[Nature Calls]]
 
# [[Megatron Rising - Part 1]]
 
# [[Megatron Rising - Part 2]]
 
   
| style="background:#F8F8F8" valign="top" |
+
F4F-4 "Wildcat" characteristics:
# [[The Elite Guard]]
+
Dimensions: Wing Span, 38 feet; Length, 28 feet 9 inches; Wing Area, 260 square feet.
# [[The Return of the Headmaster]]
+
Weights: Empty, 5785 pounds; Gross, 7975 pounds Powerplant: One 1,200 horsepower Pratt & Whitney R-1830-86 double-row radial engine.
# [[Mission Accomplished]]
+
Armament: Six .50 caliber Browning machine guns; Two 100-pound bombs.
# [[Garbage In, Garbage Out]]
+
Performance: Maximum Speed, 320 m.p.h. (@ 19,800 feet & weight of 7975 pounds).
# [[Velocity]]
+
General Motors FM-2 "Wildcat" fighters
# [[Rise of the Constructicons]]
 
# [[A Fistful of Energon]]
 
# [[SUV: Society of Ultimate Villainy]]
 
# [[Autoboot Camp]]
 
# [[Black Friday (episode)|Black Friday]]
 
# [[Sari, No One's Home]]
 
# [[A Bridge Too Close, Part I]]
 
# [[A Bridge Too Close, Part II]]
 
   
| style="background:#F8F8F8" valign="top" |
+
In 1942, automobile manufacturer General Motors converted several of its east coast factories to aircraft production under the name Eastern Aircraft Division. Eastern received contracts to build F4F-4 "Wildcat" fighters and TBF-1 "Avenger" torpedo planes, allowing Grumman to gradually reconcentrate its energies on the new, urgently-needed F6F "Hellcat" fighter. The GM F4F-4s, redesignated FM-1s, had only four .50 caliber machine guns, but were otherwise little changed from the original model. Well over a thousand FM-1 fighters were delivered in 1942-43, including some three hundred for the British Royal Navy.
# [[TransWarped|TransWarped (Part One)]]
 
# [[TransWarped|TransWarped (Part Two)]]
 
# [[TransWarped|TransWarped (Part Three)]]
 
# [[Three's A Crowd]]
 
# [[Where Is Thy Sting?]]
 
# [[Five Servos of Doom]]
 
# [[Predacons Rising]]
 
# [[Human Error, Part I]]
 
# [[Human Error, Part II]]
 
# [[Decepticon Air]]
 
# [[This Is Why I Hate Machines]]
 
# [[Endgame, Part I]]
 
# [[Endgame, Part II]]
 
   
| style="background:#F8F8F8" valign="top" |
+
Meanwhile, Grumman had prototyped a new "Wildcat" under the designation XF4F-8, which was to be produced by Eastern Aircraft as the FM-2. With lightened structure and a more powerful Wright R-1820 radial engine, the FM-2 was notably quicker, faster climbing, longer ranged and more maneuverable than its predecessor. To help control the increased power, the new plane had a distinctive, taller vertical tail. All-in-all, it was a great improvement, and more than four thousand FM-2s were built in 1943-45. Of those, over three hundred went to the British.
'''[[Studio 4°C]] shorts'''
 
# [[Career Day]]
 
# [[Evel Knievel Jump]]
 
# [[Mime Time]] (aka "Bumblebee")
 
# [[Starscream Heckles Megatron]] (aka "Mocking Megatron")
 
# [[Explosive Punch]]
 
# [[Bulkhead plays with Grimlock]]
 
# [[Ratchet Performs Surgery on Bulkhead]]
 
'''Other shorts'''
 
# [[Meet Bulkhead]]
 
# [[Meet Ratchet]]
 
# [[Meet Bumblebee]]
 
# [[Meet Optimus Prime]]
 
# [[Meet Prowl]]
 
# [[Meet Megatron]]
 
# [[Meet Starscream]]
 
|}
 
   
==Creative Staff==
+
The U.S. Navy FM-2s operated exclusively from escort carriers (CVEs), small ships with notoriously lively flight decks. They were used in the Atlantic, teamed with TBM "Avengers" for anti-submarine work, the escort carriers' original purpose. In the Pacific, CVEs did ASW too, but also employed their "Avengers" and "Wildcats" to provide air cover for invasion forces and close air support for ground troops. Those missions produced opportunities for aerial combat against Japanese planes, and two Navy pilots achieved "ace" status in FM-2s. The GM "Wildcat" also played an important role in the 25 October 1944 Battle off Samar, in which a force of the slow CVEs and their escorts out-fought a vastly superior Japanese surface fleet.
There are some talented people working on this show. Among the more prominent-
 
{{collist|2|
 
* [[Sam Register]] - Executive Producer
 
* [[Marty Isenberg]] - Story Editor, Writer
 
* [[Irineo Maramba]] - Director, Character Designer
 
* [[Derrick J. Wyatt]] - Art Director
 
* [[Jeff Shiffman]] - Co-Sound Supervisor
 
}}
 
   
==Home Video Releases==
+
FM-2 "Wildcat" characteristics:
*'''Transform and Roll Out''' (DVD, June 22, 2008)
+
Dimensions: Wing Span, 38 feet; Length, 28 feet 11 inches; Wing Area, 260 square feet.
:A single DVD containing the three-part premier ''Transform and Roll Out!'' and two unaired shorts. Has Full Screen video and stereo sound in English and Spanish. A Target [[exclusive]] version contains a second disc with ''Home Is Where the Spark Is''.
+
Weights: Empty, 5448 pounds; Gross, 8271 pounds Powerplant: One 1,350 horsepower Wright R-1820-56 "Cyclone" single-row radial engine.
  +
Armament: four .50 caliber Browning machine guns; Two 250-pound bombs or six 5-inch rockets.
  +
Performance: Maximum Speed, 332 m.p.h. (@ 28,800 feet).
   
*'''Season One''' (DVD, August 19 2008)
+
(credits: US Navy History Center)WW2
: A two-disc set containing the complete first season, from ''Home is Where the Spark Is'' to ''Megatron Rising Part II''.
+
Bell P-39D P39 Aircobra Fighter-bomber
  +
Bell P-59B P59 Airacome Jet-fighter
  +
Boeing Model 314A 314 Clipper Transport seaplane
  +
Boeing B17G B17 Flying Fortress Heavy bomber
  +
Beech Super H 18 18 (C45) Light transport
  +
Boeing B29 B29 Superfortress Heavy bomber
  +
Boeing P-26A P26 Peashooter Monoplane fighter
  +
Boeing F4B-4 F4B (P-12) Carrier-based biplane fighterBoeing-Stearman N2S-5 75 Kaydet Biplane trainer
  +
Brewster F2A-3 F2A Buffalo Carrier-based fighter
  +
Consolidated PBY-5A PBY Catalina Recon seaplane
  +
Consolidated B24J B24 Liberator Heavy bomber
  +
Convair B32 Dominator Heavy bomber
  +
Curtiss SB2C-4 SB2C Helldiver Carrier-based dive bomber
  +
Curtiss SO3C Seagull - Seamew Carrier-based patrol plane
  +
Curtiss SOC-1 SOC Seagull Carrier-based seaplane
  +
Curtiss SC Seahawk Carrier-based patrol plane
  +
Curtiss SBC-4 SBC Helldiver Carrier-based biplane dive bomber
  +
Curtiss P-36G Model 75 P36 Monoplane fighter
  +
Curtiss P-40N P40 Warhawk Monoplane fighter
  +
Curtiss - Wright C-46A C-46 Commando Transport
  +
Douglas A20G A20 Boston / Havoc Medium bomber
  +
Douglas B-19 Transport
  +
Douglas SBD-6 SBD Dauntless Carrier-based dive bomber
  +
Douglas TBD Devastator Carrier-based torpedo bomber
  +
Douglas B26B A26 / B26 Invader Light bomber
  +
Douglas DC-4 1009 DC-4 C-54 Skymaster Transport
  +
General Motors FM2 FM2 Wildcat Carrier-based fighter
  +
Grumman G-21G G21 Goose Amphibious transport
  +
Grumman TBM-2 TBF/TBM Avenger Carrier-based torpedo bomber
  +
Grumman F4F-4 F4F Wildcat Carrier-based fighter
  +
Grumman F7F-3 F7F Tigercat Carrier-based fighter-bomber
  +
Grumman F6F-5 F6F Hellcat Carrier-based fighter
  +
Grumman J2F-6 JF Duck Amphibious multi-role plane
  +
Lockheed PV-1 Ventura / Harpoon Recon bomber
  +
Lockheed P-38L P38 Lightning Fighter-bomber
  +
Lockheed T-33A P80 Shooting Star Monoplane jet-fighter
  +
Martin B26B-10 B26 Marauder Medium bomber
  +
North American P-51DP51 Mustang Monoplane fighter-bomber
  +
North American B25J B25 Mitchell Medium bomber
  +
Northrop P-61B P61 Black Widow Monoplane heavy-fighter
  +
Republic P-47D P47 Thunderbolt Monoplane fighter-bomber
  +
Seversky P-35A P35 Monoplane fighter
  +
Taylorcraft Auster I-V Recon plane
  +
Vought SB2U-3 SB2U Vindicator Carrier-based dive bomber
  +
Vought F4U-4 F4U Corsair Carrier-based fighter-bomber
  +
Vought OSU2U-3 OS2U-3 Kingfisher Carrier-based recon seaplane *
  +
B-17 Flying Fortress
  +
B-17 Flying Fortress
  +
Flying in formations of up to 1,000 bomber daylight raids, the B-17s attacked some of the most heavily defended targets in occupied Europe.
  +
  +
Junkers Ju-88
  +
Junkers Ju-88
  +
Believed by many to be the most important German bomber of World War 2.
  +
  +
De Havilland Mosquito
  +
B-47 Stratojet
  +
Nicknamed the "Wooden Wonder," the Mosquito was perhaps the most versatile aircraft to see action during World War 2.
  +
  +
B-29 Super Fortress
  +
B-29 Super Fortress
  +
the B-29 is best remembered for dropping atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and thus ending World War 2.
  +
*
  +
Me 262 Schwalbe
  +
Me 262 Schwalbe
  +
The Me 262 will forever be in the record books as being the world's first fully operational jet fighter.
  +
  +
Supermarine Spitfire
  +
Supermarine Spitfire
  +
Used in all British theaters of conflict throughout the Second World War the Spitfire remains the unrivaled symbol of victory and Britain's finest hour.
  +
  +
P-51 Mustang
  +
P-51 Mustang
  +
American P51s destroyed almost 5,000 enemy aircraft in Europe - making it the highest scoring U. S. fighter in the European theater of operations. WW2 Fighters
   
*'''Season Two''' (DVD, January 6 2009)
+
Blackburn Skua, Roc
   
: A two-disc set containing the complete second season, from ''The Elite Guard'' to ''A Bridge Too Close Part II''. It also contains the two shorts ''Mocking Megatron'' and ''Explosive Punch''.
+
Boulton Paul Defiant
   
==Comic Adaptations==
+
Bristol Beaufighter
A [[Transformers Animated (IDW Publishing)|comic adaptation]] of the series was published by [[IDW Publishing]] starting in January 2008. The book used cartoon screen captures arranged in comic book style panels.
 
   
==Reception==
+
de Havilland Hornet
''Transformers Animated'' debuted January 5, 2008, at 10:30am EST as the number one television show among boys 6-11 in both cable and network television. In addition, the strength of the showing helped lift the ratings of all its neighboring shows in Cartoon Network's "Dynamite Action" scheduling block. <ref>
 
[http://www.timewarner.com/corp/newsroom/pr/0,20812,1701434,00.html Transformers Animated Premieres #1 on All Television Among Boys and Boosts Kids 6-11 and 2-11 Delivery by Powerful Double-Digits]</ref>
 
   
The immediate response to the earliest promotional materials from the online fandom was the [[Ruined FOREVER|painfully traditional one]], with an added dash of overblown paranoia that the franchise would be far too "[[Pokeformers|kid]]-[[Playskool|oriented]]" for longtime fans to enjoy, based on nothing more than its artistic style. Attitudes took an eyebrow-raisingly sharp turn with the premiere of the first footage from the show at the San Diego Comic Con and Hasbro's presentation at [[BotCon 2007]], and after the debut of the show, it was essentially only the most ardent "already-made-up-their-mind-to-hate-it" viewers who were speaking ill. In particular, many fears were alleviated with the airing of [[The Thrill of the Hunt]], which involved [[Ratchet (Animated)|Ratchet]] savagely beating [[Lockdown (Animated)|Lockdown]] for revenge, Ratchet coping with the loss of [[Arcee (Animated)|Arcee]]'s memories, and a look at the horrors of war. This unusual level of maturity let many fans warm up to the new series.
+
de Havilland Mosquito
   
The aforementioned ability of the series to carry on story arcs for multiple episodes and, in many cases, for an entire season also lends itself to enjoyment by older viewers. Multiple plot lines run simultaneously and are not resolved within a single episode, allowing a deeper, more intricate story than previous Transformers series. The return of [[Megatron (Animated)|Megatron]] took up most of season one, and the construction of the [[space bridge]] and the revelation of the identity of the Decepticon [[Shockwave (Animated)|traitor]] among the Autobots unfolded throughout the second season, while the mystery of [[Sari Sumdac|Sari's]] origin has been hinted at throughout the entire series.
+
Fairey Firefly
   
==Trivia==
+
Fairey Fulmar
[[Image:Tfa_widescreen2.jpg|thumb|right|250px|The fullscreen broadcast and DVD release (top) cuts the sides off the widescreen image (bottom). ]]
 
   
* Despite being animated in a widescreen format, the series is delivered to Cartoon Network in a cropped-down, fullscreen format, and is subsequently broadcast this way, even on Cartoon Network HD. Alas, the series has been released on DVD in this format, too. Fans could glimpse various widescreen images in a promo reel screened at various conventions before the launch of the series, which was later included on the DVD packaged with action figure two-pack, "The Battle Begins".
+
Gloster Gladiator, Sea Gladiator
   
* The series is the first in over a decade to re-establish the classic Generation One convention of blue eyes for Autobots and red eyes for Decepticons- though there is the [[Swindle (Animated)|occasional]] [[Jetfire (Animated)|exception]].
+
Gloster Meteor
   
* As well as the aforementioned Generation One voice actors, [[Townsend Coleman]] returns to a Transformers series. He voiced [[Rewind]] in the original Generation One cartoon.
+
Hawker Fury
   
* For some reason, a lot of fans want to believe that ''Animated'' is full of references to the anime ''[[Wikipedia:Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann|Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann]]'', selecting lots of random, generic, anime-influenced hand motions and assorted design quirks throughout season 1 as "obvious" nods to the series. Then Derrick Wyatt announced that he hadn't even seen the show until the production of Season 1 was finished. ''HA''. Of course, the possibility exists that the second season may see some ''Lagann'' references, as Wyatt notes that it and ''[[Wikipedia:Diebuster|Diebuster]]'' have since inspired the production staff, but Wyatt singles out ''[[Wikipedia:Mighty Orbots|Mighty Orbots]]'' and the British comic ''[[Wikipedia: 2000 AD|2000 AD]]''<nowiki>'s</nowiki> ''[[Wikipedia:ABC Warriors|ABC Warriors]]'' strip as the biggest influences on the character designs, with ''Lagann''/''Diebuster'' producers [[Wikipedia: Gainax|Gainax]] animation studio as a constant source of influence. <ref>[http://www.blogger.com/comment.g?blogID=21975298&postID=8564559979841180115 Comment section of "Back from Botcon" entry in Derrick Wyatt's blog]</ref>
+
Hawker Hurricane, Sea Hurricane
   
*This is the first Transformers show that [[David Kaye]] and [[Scott McNeil]] were not featured in together. David Kaye and Scott McNeil have been working on voicing the Transformers series since the premier of [[Beast Wars]]. Many fans ask why was it that [[Tom Kenny]] was to play Wasp/Waspinator and not Scott McNeil, the original. The answer? Guilds. [[Gary Chalk]] has also been working with these very talented voice actors since the Beast Wars as well (As the Optimal man, of course), but alas, not a cast member in Animated. Now the answer to ''that'' is currently processing.
+
Hawker Sea Fury
   
* In May 2008, when North American broadcasts of the series were only four episodes into season two, all the remaining episodes of the season aired in Dubai. While almost nobody in the fandom had personally seen these episodes (and no one had seen them in English as they were intended), gossip based on viewer reviews and screencaps resulted in many plot developments and potential surprises being spoiled. Hooray.
+
Hawker Tempest
   
* There is one possible continuity error throughout the entire first season: Megatron's decapitated head appears to be his Earth-mode head. However, it could be argued that this look is due to [[Isaac Sumdac]]'s mechanical tinkering over the last few decades, or that falling through an atmosphere might do a fair bit of damage.
+
Hawker Tornado
   
* As it was said earlier, the show is loosely based on Teen Titans, which has a main cast with a robot (Cyborg), an alien (Starfire) and a Transformer (Beast boy). Not to mention that both "Bumblebee" and "Headmaster" are names of characters in both shows.
+
Hawker Typhoon
   
* Yes, they have large [[chin]]s. Shut up about it.
+
Miles M.20
   
* However, they lack [[nose]]s. At most they have what appears to be an extension of their helmets into general nose area. And if anybody asks "How do they smell?" I'll shoot them.
+
Supermarine Seafire
   
* While it's not confirmed by official means, [[Derrick Wyatt]] wants Wheelie in [[Transformers Animated]]. <ref>Derrick replies to an email about Wheelie. That's right, [http://www.tfw2005.com/boards/transformers-animated-discussion/199616-tfanimated-character-idea-wheelie-3.html#post2589861 it's the real dealie].</ref>
+
Supermarine Spiteful
   
* Season 3 began airing in the [[United Kingdom]] on June 1st. However, all the slag lines were removed.
+
Supermarine Spitfire
   
* Due to poor voice acting, the Philippine dub of the series developed problems to the characters. Like Ratchet sounding younger and Sari sounding older...WAY older.
+
Westland Welkin
   
* Since, December 18, 2009, [[Takara Tomy]] would be bringing the series to Japan to take over after the series finale of Tomica Hero Rescue Fire.<ref>[http://www.tv-aichi.co.jp/TF-animated/ TV Aichi's Transformers Animated Website] 2010-01-18}}</ref>
+
Westland Whirlwind
   
== Intro ==
+
WW2 Bombers
<center><youtube>Bt5dsjnqv3c</youtube></center>
 
   
==References==
+
Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle
<references/>
 
   
==External Link==
+
Armstrong Whitworth Whitley
*[http://derrickjwyatt.blogspot.com/ Derrick Wyatt's blog]
 
   
[[Category:Animated]]
+
Avro Lancaster
[[Category:Television series]]
+
[[Category:Continuities]]
+
Avro Lincoln
[[zh-tw:Transformers Animated (cartoon)]]
+
  +
Avro Manchester
  +
  +
Fairey Albacore
  +
  +
Fairey Barracuda
  +
  +
Fairey Battle
  +
  +
Fairey Swordfish
  +
  +
Blackburn Botha
  +
  +
Blackburn Firebrand
  +
  +
Bristol Beaufort
  +
  +
Bristol Blenheim
  +
  +
Bristol Brigand
  +
  +
Bristol Buckingham
  +
  +
Douglas A-20 Havoc
  +
  +
Handley Page Halifax
  +
  +
Handley Page Hampden
  +
  +
Short Stirling
  +
  +
Vickers Wellesley
  +
  +
Vickers Wellington
  +
  +
WW2 Transport aircraft
  +
  +
Airspeed Horsa
  +
  +
Avro York
  +
  +
General Aircraft Hamilcar
  +
  +
General Aircraft Hotspur
  +
  +
General Aircraft Twin Hotspur
  +
  +
Douglas C-47 (Dakota)
  +
  +
WW2 Other aircraft
  +
  +
de Havilland Hornet Moth
  +
  +
Miles Messenger
  +
  +
Short Seaford
  +
  +
Short Sunderland
  +
  +
Supermarine Sea Otter
  +
  +
Supermarine Walrus
  +
  +
Vickers Warwick
  +
  +
Military aircraft
  +
  +
Eurofighter
  +
  +
Eurocopter
  +
  +
Harrier
  +
  +
Russian helicopters
  +
  +
Mil Mi-24 Hind
  +
  +
Mil Mi-28 Havoc
  +
  +
Mil Mi-40
  +
  +
Kamov Ka-50
  +
  +
Swedish weapons
  +
  +
ARTHUR WLS (weapon locating system)
  +
  +
RBS 15 Antiship missile system
  +
  +
RBS 70 portable surface to air missile system
  +
  +
Current american military aircraft
  +
  +
A-6E Intruder
  +
  +
A-10/OA-10 Thunderbolt II
  +
  +
AC-130H/U Spectre/Spooky
  +
  +
AV-8B Harrier II
  +
  +
B-1B Lancer
  +
  +
B-2 Spirit
  +
  +
B-52 Stratofortress
  +
  +
C-130 Hercules
  +
  +
KC-130J
  +
  +
C-141 Starlifter
  +
  +
C-17 Globemaster III
  +
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C-2A Greyhound
  +
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C-20 Gulfstream III
  +
  +
C-21A Learjet
  +
  +
C-5A/B Galaxy
  +
  +
E2-C Hawkeye
  +
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E-3 Sentry
  +
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Boeing E-4B
  +
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E-8C Joint STARS
  +
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EA-6B Prowler
  +
  +
EF-111A Raven
  +
  +
ES-3 Shadow
  +
  +
General Dynamics F-111
  +
  +
F-117A Nighthawk
  +
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F-14 Tomcat
  +
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F-15 Eagle
  +
  +
F-15E Strike Eagle
  +
  +
F-16 Fighting Falcon
  +
  +
F/A-18 Hornet
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F/A-18E Super Hornet
  +
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F-22 Raptor
  +
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F-35 Lighting II (JSF - Joint Strike Fighter)
  +
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KC-135 Stratotanker
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KC-10A Extender
  +
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OV-10 Bronco
  +
  +
P-3C Orion
  +
  +
S-3B Viking
  +
  +
SR-71 Blackbird
  +
  +
T-1A Jayhawk
  +
  +
T-3A Firefly
  +
  +
T-37 Tweet
  +
  +
T-38 Talon
  +
  +
T-43A
  +
  +
The Blue Angels
  +
  +
The Thunderbirds
  +
  +
Lockheed U-2R/U-2S
  +
  +
V-22A Osprey
  +
  +
VC-25A Air Force One
  +
  +
Current military helicopters
  +
  +
AH-1 HueyCobra / AH-1J SeaCobra
  +
  +
AH-64 Apache
  +
  +
CH-46 Sea Knight
  +
  +
CH-47 Chinook
  +
  +
CH-53E Super Stallion / MH-53E Sea Dragon
  +
  +
H-3 Sea King
  +
  +
HH-65A Dolphin
  +
  +
RAH-66 Comanche
  +
  +
SH-60 Seahawk
  +
  +
Current weapons of american aircraft and helicopters
  +
  +
AGM (Air-to-Ground Missiles)
  +
  +
AGM-114 Hellfire
  +
  +
AGM-119 (Penguin Mk.3)
  +
  +
AGM-123 Skipper II
  +
  +
AGM-129 ACM
  +
  +
AGM-130A
  +
  +
AGM-142 Have Nap
  +
  +
AGM-154A JSOW
  +
  +
AGM-158 JASSM
  +
  +
AGM-45 Shrike
  +
  +
AGM-62 Walleye
  +
  +
AGM-65 Maverick
  +
  +
AGM-84D/E Harpoon/SLAM
  +
  +
AGM-86B/C ALCM
  +
  +
AGM-88 HARM
  +
  +
BGM-71 TOW
  +
  +
AIM (Air Intercept aerial Missiles)
  +
  +
AIM-4 Falcon
  +
  +
AIM-7 Sparrow
  +
  +
AIM-9 Sidewinder
  +
  +
AIM-54 Phoenix
  +
  +
AIM-120 AMRAAM
  +
  +
FIM-92 Stinger
  +
  +
Cannons
  +
  +
20mm M61A1 Vulcan
  +
  +
20mm cannon M197
  +
  +
30mm M230 Chain Gun
  +
  +
30mm cannon GAU-8/A
  +
  +
Boeing 27mm cannon
  +
  +
Bombs
  +
  +
LGB Paveway
  +
  +
Guided bomb units
  +
  +
American postwar aircraft
  +
  +
A-3 Skywarrior
  +
  +
A-37 Dragonfly
  +
  +
A-4 Skyhawk
  +
  +
A-5 Vigilante
  +
  +
A-7 Corsair II
  +
  +
B-36 Peacemaker
  +
  +
B-45 Tornado
  +
  +
B-47 Stratojet
  +
  +
B-50 Superfortress
  +
  +
B-58 Hustler
  +
  +
F-82 Twin Mustang
  +
  +
F-84 Thunderjet
  +
  +
F-84F Thunderstreak
  +
  +
F-86 Sabre
  +
  +
F-89 Scorpion
  +
  +
F-94 Starfire
  +
  +
F-100 Super Sabre
  +
  +
F-101 Voodoo
  +
  +
F-102A Delta Dagger
  +
  +
F-104 Starfighter
  +
  +
F-105 Thunderchief
  +
  +
F-106 Delta Dart
  +
  +
F-107
  +
  +
F-2 (F2H) Banshee
  +
  +
F-3 (F3H) Demon
  +
  +
F-4 Phantom II
  +
  +
F-5A Freedom Fighter/
  +
  +
F-5E Tiger II
  +
  +
F-20 (F-5G) Tigershark
  +
  +
F-6 (F4D) Skyray
  +
  +
F6U Pirate
  +
  +
F7U Cutlass
  +
  +
F-8 (F8U) Crusader
  +
  +
F-9 (F9F) Panther/Cougar
  +
  +
F-10 (F3D) Skyknight
  +
  +
F-11 (F11F) Tiger
  +
  +
FJ-1 (F-1) Fury
  +
  +
P2V Neptune
  +
  +
P-59 Airacomet
  +
  +
P-80 Shooting Star
  +
  +
XB-70 Valkyrie
  +
  +
XF-108 Rapier
  +
  +
War american aircraft
  +
  +
Bombers
  +
  +
Douglas A-1 Skyraider
  +
  +
Douglas A-20 Boston / Havoc
  +
  +
Douglas A-24 Banshee
  +
  +
Douglas A-26 Invader
  +
  +
Brewster A-32
  +
  +
North American A-36 Apache
  +
  +
Beechcraft A-38 Grizzly
  +
  +
Martin AM Mauler
  +
  +
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress
  +
  +
Douglas B-18 Bolo
  +
  +
Douglas B-19
  +
  +
Douglas B-23 Dragon
  +
  +
Consolidated B-24 Liberator
  +
  +
North American B-25 Mitchell
  +
  +
Martin B-26 Marauder
  +
  +
North American B-28
  +
  +
Boeing B-29 Superfortress
  +
(+Hiroshima, Nagasaki)
  +
  +
Convair B-32 Dominator
  +
  +
Lockheed B-34 Lexingon
  +
  +
Northrop B-35 Flying Wing
  +
  +
Douglas B-42 Mixmaster
  +
  +
Lockheed PV Harpoon/B-37 Ventura
  +
  +
Brewster SB2A Buccaneer
  +
  +
Curtiss SB2C Helldiver
  +
  +
Douglas SB2D
  +
  +
Vought SB2U Vindicator
  +
  +
Douglas SBD Dauntless
  +
  +
Douglas TBD Devastator
  +
  +
Grumman TBF Avenger
  +
  +
Vought TBU
  +
  +
Vultee TBY Sea Wolf
  +
  +
Fighters
  +
  +
Brewster F2A Buffalo
  +
  +
Grumman F4F Wildcat
  +
  +
Vought F4U Corsair
  +
  +
Grumman F6F Hellcat
  +
  +
Grumman F7F Tigercat
  +
  +
Grumman F8F Bearcat
  +
  +
Lockheed P-38 Lightning
  +
  +
Bell P-39 Airacobra
  +
  +
Curtiss P-40 Warhawk
  +
  +
Republic P-43 Lancer
  +
  +
Republic P-47 Thunderbolt
  +
  +
Grumman P-50 Skyrocket
  +
  +
North American P-51 Mustang
  +
  +
Northrop P-56 Black Bullet
  +
  +
Lockheed P-58 Chain Lightning
  +
  +
Bell P-59 Airacomet
  +
  +
Northrop P-61 Black Widow
  +
  +
Bell P-63 Kingcobra
  +
  +
McDonnell P-67 Bat
  +
  +
Douglas P-70
  +
  +
GM / Fisher P-75 Eagle
  +
  +
Bell XP-77
  +
  +
Bell YFM-1 Airacuda
  +
  +
Transport aircraft
  +
  +
Curtiss C-46 Commando
  +
  +
Douglas C-47 Skytrain
  +
  +
Douglas C-53 Skytrooper
  +
  +
Douglas C-54 Skymaster
  +
  +
Fairchild C-61 Forwarder
  +
  +
Noorduyn UC-64 Norseman
  +
  +
Curtiss Wright C-76 Caravan
  +
  +
Other aircraft
  +
  +
Stinson L-1 Vigilant
  +
  +
Taylorcraft L-2 Grasshopper
  +
  +
Aeronca L-3 Grasshopper
  +
  +
Piper L-4 Grasshopper
  +
  +
Stinson L-5 Sentinel
  +
  +
Vought OS2U Kingfisher
  +
  +
Consolidated PB4Y Privateer
  +
  +
Martin PBM Mariner
  +
  +
Consolidated PBY Catalina
  +
  +
Helicopters
  +
  +
Sikorsky R-4 /HNS-1
  +
  +
Sikorsky R-5 / HO2S-1 / HO3S
  +
  +
Sikorsky R-6 / HOS-1
  +
  +
D-Day Air Show, Reading, PA, 2001
  +
  +
Pics from movie
  +
  +
Other articles related to air section
  +
  +
USAF Ranks - Officers
  +
  +
USAF Tail Codes
  +
  +
U.S. Navy
  +
  +
Naval terminology
  +
  +
Naval Terms and Expressions
  +
  +
US Navy Ranks - Officers
  +
  +
US Navy Aircrafts Tail Codes
  +
  +
USMC Ranks - Officers
  +
  +
American carriers
  +
  +
All U.S. carriers list
  +
  +
USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63)
  +
  +
USS Constellation (CV-64)
  +
  +
USS Enterprise (CVN-65)
  +
  +
USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67)
  +
  +
USS Nimitz (CVN-68)
  +
  +
USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69)
  +
  +
USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70)
  +
  +
USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71)
  +
  +
USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72)
  +
  +
USS George Washington (CVN-73)
  +
  +
USS John C. Stennis (CVN-74)
  +
  +
USS Harry S. Truman (CVN-75)
  +
  +
USS Ronald Reagan (CVN-76) - plunged through the waters
  +
  +
USS George H.W. Bush (CVN-77) - expected to join the fleet in 2009
  +
  +
American submarines
  +
  +
Attack Submarines - SSN
  +
  +
Ballistic Missile Submarines - SSBN
  +
  +
Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle - DSRV
  +
  +
  +
  +
Recovery of the USS Cole
  +
  +
American naval weapons
  +
  +
AGM-84D/E Harpoon/SLAM
  +
  +
BGM-109 Tomahawk
  +
  +
Phalanx CIWS
  +
  +
RIM-7M Sea Sparrow
  +
  +
Mark 38 ~ 25 mm machine gun
  +
  +
Mark 45 ~ 5-inch, lightweight gun
  +
  +
Mark 75 ~ 76mm gun
  +
  +
Mark 75 ~ 76mm gun
  +
  +
SLBM Trident
  +
  +
U.S. Navy Mines
  +
  +
U.S. Navy Torpedoes
  +
  +
Torpedo Mark-48 - attack
  +
  +
Vertical Launching System VLS
  +
  +
U.S. Navy SEALs

Revision as of 19:14, March 12, 2010

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Fighters and Interceptors list of Autobots and decepticons.Linked Series Heavy Duty Gestalt Warrior.

Albatros D.I (1916) Albatros D.II (1916) Albatros D.III (1916) Albatros D.V Aviatik C.VI Damiler L.6 Fokker D.I Fokker D.II Fokker D.III Fokker D.IV Fokker D.V Fokker D.VI Fokker D.VII (1918) Fokker D.VIII (aka E.V) (1918) Fokker Dr.I (1917) Fokker E.I (1915) Fokker E.III (1916) Fokker E.IV (1916) Fokker E.V (aka D.VIII) Halberstadt D.II Junkers D.I (1918) Kondor D.VI Kondor E.III Naglo D.II Pfalz D.III Pfalz D.XII Pfalz Dr.I Pfalz E.I Pfalz E.II Roland D.II Roland D.VI Siemens-Schuckert D.I Siemens-Schuckert D.II Siemens-Schuckert D.III Siemens-Schuckert D.IV Zeppelin-Lindau D.I Bomber and ground attack Gotha G.V (1917) Junkers CL.I (1918) AEG G.I AEG G.II AEG G.III AEG G.IV AEG G.V AEG J.I (1916) AEG J.II (1918) AEG N.I AEG PE AEG R.I Patrol and Reconnaissance AEG B.I (1914) AEG B.II (1914) AEG B.III (1915) AEG C.I (March 1915) AEG C.II (October 1915) AEG C.III (prototype) AEG C.IV AEG C.V (prototype) AEG C.VI (prototype) AEG C.VII (prototype) AEG C.VIII (prototype) AEG D.I (prototype) AEG DJ.I (prototype) AEG Dr.I (prototype) (aka AEG F.1?) Albatros B.I Albatros B.II Albatros C.I (1915) Albatros C.III (1916) Albatros C.V Albatros C.VII Albatros C.IX Albatros C.X Albatros C.XII Aviatik B.I Aviatik C.I Brandenburg W12 DFW C.V Etrich Taube Hannover CL.II Hannover CL.III Junkers J.I LVG B.I LVG C.II (1916) Rumpler C.IV Rumpler Taube (1911) Trainer Euler D.I Prototype AEG D.I AEG Dr.I (1917) Albatros C.II (prototype?) Fokker E.II (1915) (prototype?) Junkers J1 (1915) (first all-metal aircraft) Junkers J2 (1916)

Britain:

De Havilland DH-2 (1915) Avro 504-J (1916) Sopwith Triplane (1916) Handley Page Type O (1916) Sopwith Pup (December 1916) SE-5 (1917) Bristol F.2A (April 1917) Sopwith Camel(1917) Bristol F-2B (1917) Vickers Vimy Handley Page V/1500 (1918)


France: Blériot XI Breguet 14 (1917) Caudron G.4 Hanriot HD.1 Maurice Farman S.11 (1914) Caudron G-III (Bomber) (1915) Morane-Saulnier L Morane-Saulnier P Nieuport 11 Nieuport 12 Nieuport 16 Nieuport 17 (1916) Nieuport 23 Nieuport 27 Nieuport 28 Salmson 2 SPAD VII (August 1916) SPAD XII SPAD XIII (1917) Morane-Saulnier N (1917)


Italy: Caproni Ca.1 (Bomber) (1915) Caproni Ca.2 (Bomber) (1915) Caproni Ca.3 (Bomber) (1915) Caproni Ca.4 (Bomber) (1918) Caproni Ca.5 (Bomber) (1918?) Russia: Sikorsky Ilya Muromets (Bomber) (1914)


United States: Curtiss JN-4D (1917) American DH-4 (Britain/U.S.) (1918) Loening M-8 (1918) Navy-Curtiss F-5L (1918)

The Early Years of War WW1 The early years of war saw canvas-and-wood aircraft used primarily to function as mobile observation vehicles. This was an improvement over the vulnerable Zeppelin and the immobile observation balloon. Enemy pilots at first exchanged waves and later progressed to throwing bricks and other objects (grenades and sometimes rope, which they hoped would tangle their enemy's propellor), which eventually progressed to guns. Once the guns were mounted to their planes, the era of air combat began.

Like most other technologies during wartime, the aircraft underwent many improvements (though it might be argued that the most drastic changes occurred during the so-called "Golden Age of Flight" in the between-wars period of the 1920s and 1930s). To appreciate the sense of these improvements, compare designs such as the infamous Fokker Dr. 1 with early war aircraft, whose designs were not much different from the original unstable Wright Flyer, which took its first flight over a decade earlier.

Aircraft of this early period included the Maurice Farman "Shorthorn" and "Longhorn", D.F.W. BI, Rumpler Taube, B.E. 2a, A.E.G. BII, Bleriot XI, and the Penguin.

With limited power, aircraft engines could only afford a certain amount of weight and, though made of mostly canvas and wood, could only afford to be monoplanes (one-winged). Another major limitation was the early mounting of machine guns, which was awkward due to the position of the propeller. Since the pilot usually sat behind the propellor, it was natural to have the gun mounted between the two, but this would make the gun fire through the propellor. Frenchman Roland Garros attempted to solve this problem by attaching metal deflectors to the blades of his propellor, which he hoped would deflect the bullets rather than splinter the wood propellor. However, this was an inadequate - and somewhat dangerous - solution. Therefore, the best remedy at the time was to mount the gun above the propeller. In the monoplanes this resulted in a few more wires that had to be strung from the wings to the gun in order to keep the gun steady.

Yet mounting the gun like this became a problem when the gun needed reloading or had jammed - the pilot must reach up to the gun to service it.

By this time in the war the aircraft had become more than a mobile observatory - it was now a weapon. Dog fights erupted in the skies between the powers - planes went down in flames and heroes were born. The need grew for a better plane, as well as better gun armament. And this was not limited to the air - on the ground, methods were being used that were introduced before the war to deter enemy planes from observation and bombing. Artillery rounds were shot into the air and clouds of smoke and shrapnel, called flak, provided enemy aircraft with an obstacle course to fly around.

Anti-aircraft artillery were used around key strategic targets - airdromes (air bases) and observation balloons mainly. As observation balloons became frequent targets of the enemy, the sites were heavily armed with anti-aircraft artillery. The canvas bags full of hot air were all but defenseless; they were easy to shoot down, especially once pilots started arming their planes with incendiary bullets.

And now new innovation was needed. The aircraft had advanced from the fragile Wright-like designs of the early war years to the more stable and better-designed biplanes including the D.H.-2 (1915-Britain) and the Caudron G-III (1915-France). The former was a forward-firing aircraft with a propellor positioned in the rear of the plane, behind the pilot, allowing the gun to be accessible to the pilot for in-flight repair and reloading (this so-called "pusher" plane design enjoyed a brief period of popularity during 1914-1915). The drawback was that the plane was unstable and not very manueverable.

The Fokker Scourge Yet these planes were no match to the Fokker E-I (1915-Germany), a plane with a propellor in front and a gun mounted directly behind it. The gun was actually made to physically be linked through gears to the propellor in order to fire through the propellor blade intervals, an ingenious solution provided by Anthony Fokker, the man behind the plane. In 1915 the Fokker E-I was top-of-the-line in design, manueverability, and gun placement. The result was devastating for the Allied powers, and a solution was needed fast.

The Fokker E-I's foil came in the form of the Nieuport 17 (1916-France), a biplane with a propellor in front and, as needed, a gun placed directly behind the propellor. No doubt the Allies by this time had managed to shoot down at least one E-I, as tough a task as it was, and had dissected and copied its inner-workings.

Bloody April (Main Article) During the First World War, the month of April 1917 was known as Bloody April by the Allied air forces. The Royal Flying Corps suffered losses so severe it came close to being annihilated. In April the Allies launched a joint offensive with the British attacking near Arras in Artois, northern France, while the French Nivelle Offensive was launched on the Aisne and the air forces were called on to provide support, predominantly in reconnaissance and artillery spotting.

Bombers Bombers were introduced to replace the more vulnerable Zeppelin.

The most famous and successful bombers of the war were the Gotha G's, which conducted bombing raids on London. Though it has been agreed that the most damage done by them was to British morale, which took a devastating turn at the thought that the bombers could so easily penetrate defenses.Brewster F2A "Buffalo" Fighters

The Brewster F2A, the U.S. Navy's first monoplane shipboard fighter, saw brief combat service during the first half-year of the Pacific War. Built in 1936-38, Brewster's XF2A-1 prototype bested the Grumman XF4F-2 in a competition to replace the Grumman F3F biplane fighter. A production contract for F2A-1 production aircraft followed in June 1938. Production difficulties, a continuing problem throughout the life of the Brewster company, delayed service introduction until late 1939, when F2A-1s began to join USS Saratoga's Fighting Squadron Three (VF-3). Only eleven of the fifty-four F2A-1s entered Navy service. The rest were modified and sold to Finland, where they served with considerable success against Soviet aircraft during 1941-44 and against the Germans in 1944-45. Other versions of the F2A were subsequently employed against the Japanese by the British Royal Air Force and the Netherlands East Indies Army Air Corps.

In 1940, deliveries began of 43 F2A-2 fighters, which had the 1200 horsepower Wright "Cyclone" engine in place of the F2A-1's 950 horsepower version, plus numerous other improvements. Eight F2A-1s were also rebuilt to F2A-2 standards. Initially serving with VF-3 and USS Lexington's VF-2, this model was a fast, nimble and well-armed fighting plane, though plagued (as were subsequent F2As) with an overly-delicate retractable landing gear and a maintenance-hungry powerplant.

The Navy ordered a final 108 Brewster fighters in January 1941. These F2A-3s featured a longer fuselage, increased fuel and ammunition capacity, additional armor and considerably greater weight. Range was better, but speed, maneuverability, climb rate and service ceiling were substantially degraded. By the beginning of the Pacific War, the F2A, by then also known by the popular name "Buffalo", was passing out of carrier squadron service in favor of the F4F-3. The "Buffalos" were transferred to the Marines, who assigned them to units defending Pacific island bases.

The Brewster fighter's only U.S. combat use, on 4 June 1942 during the Battle of Midway, dramatically showed the inferiority of the F2A-3 when confronted by the Japanese Navy's "Zero" carrier fighters and well-trained aviators. In a brief battle against greatly superior numbers, Midway Island's Marine Fighting Squadron 221 (VMF-221) lost thirteen of twenty F2A-3s. Soon after, the "Buffalo" was removed from combat units and assigned to advanced training duty. In that role, it helped new U.S. fighter pilots enhance their skills before they joined operational squadrons. The aging F2A-2s and F2A-3s remained in the trainng mission into 1943, and a few were still in service in 1944-45.

F2A-3 characteristics: Dimensions: Wing Span, 35 feet; Length, 26 feet, 4 inches; Wing Area, 209 square feet. Weights: Empty, 4894 pounds; Gross, 7253 pounds Powerplant: One 1200 horsepower Wright R-1820-40 radial engine. Armament: Four .50 caliber machine guns (two firing forward through the engine cowling; one in each wing). Performance (at gross weight): Maximum Speed, 320 m.p.h. (@ 14,500 feet). Curtiss F9C "Sparrowhawk" Fighters --

As a result of their dramatic operations with the Navy's short-lived airships Akron (ZRS-4) and Macon (ZRS-5), the Curtiss F9C biplane fighters gained fame all out of proportion to their small number. The type originated with a May 1930 specification for a small aircraft carrier-based fighter. The resulting XF9C-1 (Bureau of Aeronautics serial # 8731) was built under a June 1930 contract and delivered in March 1931. Tested over the next several months, it showed good performance but was not particularly suitable for carrier use. However, the plane did have one significant feature: it was the only available combat airplane small enough to fit through the hangar door of the dirigible Akron, which was then nearing completion. Accordingly, the XF9C-1 was modified with a "skyhook" that would allow launching and recovery from the airship's "trapeze" airplane handling device. The plane first "landed" on the older airship Los Angeles (ZR-3) in October 1931 and subsequently was actively employed in developmental operations with the Akron.

The XF9C-1's successful new role resulted in the construction of seven modified versions, the XF9C-2 (Bureau # 9264) which was a 1931 private Curtiss project that was purchased by the Navy in November 1932, and the production F9C-2s (#s 9056-9061). The latter were built under an October 1931 contract and were the only "Sparrowhawks" that were suitable for operational, as opposed to experimental, use. The first of these was flown in April 1932 and began work with Akron late June. Further modifications resulted and all six F9C-2s were in Navy hands by September 1932. These planes worked with Akron until her loss on 4 April 1933. They were then transferred to the heavier-than-air unit of Macon, which was nearing completion. From late 1933 until early 1935 they were vigorously employed in efforts to demonstrate the dirigible's value as a unit of the United States Fleet. Beginning in mid-1934 they generally had their wheeled landing gear replaced with a "teardrop" fuel tank whenever they were based on board Macon, thus considerably improving their endurance, an important element in extending the strategic scouting reach of the airship-airplane team.

Unfortunately, this aspect of Naval aviation history abruptly ended when Macon crashed at sea on 12 February 1935. Four F9C-2s were lost with her. The two survivors (#s 9056 and 9057) were subsequently used in Fleet utility work. F9C-2 # 9057 was disposed of in 1937, but # 9056 remained in Navy service until 1940, when it was transferred to the Smithsonian Institution for preservation as a museum artifact. The XF9C-1 was surveyed in 1936 and the XF9C-2 was wrecked late in that same year.

F9C-2 characteristics: Dimensions: Wing Span, 25.5 feet; Length, 21.1 feet; Wing Area, 185.4 square feet. Weights: Empty, 2114 pounds; Gross, 2776 pounds Powerplant: One 400 horsepower Wright R-975-22 single-row radial engine. Armament: Two .30 caliber fixed forward-firing machine guns. Performance (at 2776 pounds): Maximum Speed, 176.5 miles per hour. Grumman F3F Fighters

The Grumman F3F was a development of the F2F-1, featuring a longer fuselage and greater wingspan. The prototype XF3F-1 (Bureau # 9727) first flew in early 1935. It crashed in May of that year and was replaced with a second prototype, with the same serial number. Fifty-four production F3F-1 fighters (Bu#s 0211 through 0264) were delivered to the Navy in 1936, initially serving with USS Saratoga (CV-3) and USS Ranger (CV-4) fighting squadrons.

Featuring a more powerful engine for better performance, a larger engine cowling and a different cockpit canopy design, the prototype XF3F-2 (Bu# 0452) began Navy testing in January 1937. Eighty-one F3F-2 models were ordered (Bu#s 0967-1047). These initially equipped two Marine Corps fighting squadrons and that of USS Enterprise (CV-6) during 1938. One of these (Bu# 1031) became the XF3F-3. Twenty-seven F3F-3 fighters (Bu#s 1444-1470) were delivered in 1938-39, serving with Fighting Squadron Five in USS Yorktown (CV-5).

The Grumman F3F served with front-line squadrons until 1940-41. During the first part of World War II, the surviving planes were used for advanced training and in utility roles. Grumman F4F "Wildcat" Fighters

The Grumman F4F was the primary Navy and Marine Corps fighter during the first year and a half of World War II. A developed form, the General Motors FM-2, remained in active combat through the end of the Pacific War. Though the stubby little F4F could not equal the speed and maneuverability of its Japanese counterpart, the "Zero", its rugged construction and superior armament, coupled with well-trained pilots and good tactics, ensured that it generally gave at least "as good as it got" during the crisis months of 1942.

The F4F-1 was a biplane design, whose clear inferiority to the monoplane Brewster F2A-1 caused its complete recasting into the single-wing XF4F-2. When the Brewster fighter was chosen for production, Grumman's prototype was rebuilt as the XF4F-3 with new wings and tail and a supercharged version of the Pratt & Whitney R-1830 "Twin Wasp" radial engine. Testing of the XF4F-3 led to an order for F4F-3 production models, the first of which was completed in February 1940. France also ordered the type, powered by Wright R-1820 "Cyclone" radial engines. These ultimately went to the British Royal Navy, which called them "Martlet I"s. Both the British planes and the U.S. Navy's F4F-3 joined active units in 1940 with an armament of four .50 caliber Browning machine guns and a good ammunition supply.

By the end of 1941 the Grumman F4F-3 (and similar F4F-3A) fighters, which had received the popular name "Wildcat" a few months earlier, had replaced the F2A in most U.S. Navy and Marine Corps fighting squadrons. A folding-wing version flew in April 1941 and entered service in early 1942 as the F4F-4. Prompted by British tactical concepts, it had six guns but less ammunition. The heavier F4F-4 was not as nimble nor as fast as the F4F-3, but the logic of wartime manufacturing left it as the sole remaining production version, and its folding wings made it possible to cram more valuable fighters into each aircraft carrier. By the Battle of Midway in June 1942, all the Pacific Fleet's carriers had the F4F-4 and fighting squadron pilots were learning, sometimes painfully, how to best employ it. Employ it they did, quite successfully, through the Pacific's intense Guadalcanal and Central Solomons campaigns and the Atlantic's North African operation.

In late 1942 and early 1943, Grumman phased out production of the F4F-4 and General Motors' Eastern Aircraft Division took it up as the FM-1 (with two less guns). In all, the two companies produced some three-thousand "Wildcats" for the U.S. and Britain before GM's factories switched to the updated FM-2 in the later part of 1943.

F4F-4 "Wildcat" characteristics: Dimensions: Wing Span, 38 feet; Length, 28 feet 9 inches; Wing Area, 260 square feet. Weights: Empty, 5785 pounds; Gross, 7975 pounds Powerplant: One 1,200 horsepower Pratt & Whitney R-1830-86 double-row radial engine. Armament: Six .50 caliber Browning machine guns; Two 100-pound bombs. Performance: Maximum Speed, 320 m.p.h. (@ 19,800 feet & weight of 7975 pounds). General Motors FM-2 "Wildcat" fighters

In 1942, automobile manufacturer General Motors converted several of its east coast factories to aircraft production under the name Eastern Aircraft Division. Eastern received contracts to build F4F-4 "Wildcat" fighters and TBF-1 "Avenger" torpedo planes, allowing Grumman to gradually reconcentrate its energies on the new, urgently-needed F6F "Hellcat" fighter. The GM F4F-4s, redesignated FM-1s, had only four .50 caliber machine guns, but were otherwise little changed from the original model. Well over a thousand FM-1 fighters were delivered in 1942-43, including some three hundred for the British Royal Navy.

Meanwhile, Grumman had prototyped a new "Wildcat" under the designation XF4F-8, which was to be produced by Eastern Aircraft as the FM-2. With lightened structure and a more powerful Wright R-1820 radial engine, the FM-2 was notably quicker, faster climbing, longer ranged and more maneuverable than its predecessor. To help control the increased power, the new plane had a distinctive, taller vertical tail. All-in-all, it was a great improvement, and more than four thousand FM-2s were built in 1943-45. Of those, over three hundred went to the British.

The U.S. Navy FM-2s operated exclusively from escort carriers (CVEs), small ships with notoriously lively flight decks. They were used in the Atlantic, teamed with TBM "Avengers" for anti-submarine work, the escort carriers' original purpose. In the Pacific, CVEs did ASW too, but also employed their "Avengers" and "Wildcats" to provide air cover for invasion forces and close air support for ground troops. Those missions produced opportunities for aerial combat against Japanese planes, and two Navy pilots achieved "ace" status in FM-2s. The GM "Wildcat" also played an important role in the 25 October 1944 Battle off Samar, in which a force of the slow CVEs and their escorts out-fought a vastly superior Japanese surface fleet.

FM-2 "Wildcat" characteristics: Dimensions: Wing Span, 38 feet; Length, 28 feet 11 inches; Wing Area, 260 square feet. Weights: Empty, 5448 pounds; Gross, 8271 pounds Powerplant: One 1,350 horsepower Wright R-1820-56 "Cyclone" single-row radial engine. Armament: four .50 caliber Browning machine guns; Two 250-pound bombs or six 5-inch rockets. Performance: Maximum Speed, 332 m.p.h. (@ 28,800 feet).

(credits: US Navy History Center)WW2 Bell P-39D P39 Aircobra Fighter-bomber Bell P-59B P59 Airacome Jet-fighter Boeing Model 314A 314 Clipper Transport seaplane Boeing B17G B17 Flying Fortress Heavy bomber Beech Super H 18 18 (C45) Light transport Boeing B29 B29 Superfortress Heavy bomber Boeing P-26A P26 Peashooter Monoplane fighter Boeing F4B-4 F4B (P-12) Carrier-based biplane fighterBoeing-Stearman N2S-5 75 Kaydet Biplane trainer Brewster F2A-3 F2A Buffalo Carrier-based fighter Consolidated PBY-5A PBY Catalina Recon seaplane Consolidated B24J B24 Liberator Heavy bomber Convair B32 Dominator Heavy bomber Curtiss SB2C-4 SB2C Helldiver Carrier-based dive bomber Curtiss SO3C Seagull - Seamew Carrier-based patrol plane Curtiss SOC-1 SOC Seagull Carrier-based seaplane Curtiss SC Seahawk Carrier-based patrol plane Curtiss SBC-4 SBC Helldiver Carrier-based biplane dive bomber Curtiss P-36G Model 75 P36 Monoplane fighter Curtiss P-40N P40 Warhawk Monoplane fighter Curtiss - Wright C-46A C-46 Commando Transport Douglas A20G A20 Boston / Havoc Medium bomber Douglas B-19 Transport Douglas SBD-6 SBD Dauntless Carrier-based dive bomber Douglas TBD Devastator Carrier-based torpedo bomber Douglas B26B A26 / B26 Invader Light bomber Douglas DC-4 1009 DC-4 C-54 Skymaster Transport General Motors FM2 FM2 Wildcat Carrier-based fighter Grumman G-21G G21 Goose Amphibious transport Grumman TBM-2 TBF/TBM Avenger Carrier-based torpedo bomber Grumman F4F-4 F4F Wildcat Carrier-based fighter Grumman F7F-3 F7F Tigercat Carrier-based fighter-bomber Grumman F6F-5 F6F Hellcat Carrier-based fighter Grumman J2F-6 JF Duck Amphibious multi-role plane Lockheed PV-1 Ventura / Harpoon Recon bomber Lockheed P-38L P38 Lightning Fighter-bomber Lockheed T-33A P80 Shooting Star Monoplane jet-fighter Martin B26B-10 B26 Marauder Medium bomber North American P-51DP51 Mustang Monoplane fighter-bomber North American B25J B25 Mitchell Medium bomber Northrop P-61B P61 Black Widow Monoplane heavy-fighter Republic P-47D P47 Thunderbolt Monoplane fighter-bomber Seversky P-35A P35 Monoplane fighter Taylorcraft Auster I-V Recon plane Vought SB2U-3 SB2U Vindicator Carrier-based dive bomber Vought F4U-4 F4U Corsair Carrier-based fighter-bomber Vought OSU2U-3 OS2U-3 Kingfisher Carrier-based recon seaplane *

     B-17 Flying Fortress
     B-17 Flying Fortress
     Flying in formations of up to 1,000 bomber daylight raids, the B-17s attacked some of the most heavily defended targets in occupied Europe.
      
     Junkers Ju-88
     Junkers Ju-88
     Believed by many to be the most important German bomber of World War 2.
      
     De Havilland Mosquito
     B-47 Stratojet
     Nicknamed the "Wooden Wonder," the Mosquito was perhaps the most versatile aircraft to see action during World War 2.
      
     B-29 Super Fortress
     B-29 Super Fortress
     the B-29 is best remembered for dropping atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and thus ending World War 2.
   *
     Me 262 Schwalbe
     Me 262 Schwalbe
     The Me 262 will forever be in the record books as being the world's first fully operational jet fighter.
      
     Supermarine Spitfire
     Supermarine Spitfire
     Used in all British theaters of conflict throughout the Second World War the Spitfire remains the unrivaled symbol of victory and Britain's finest hour.
      
     P-51 Mustang
     P-51 Mustang
     American P51s destroyed almost 5,000 enemy aircraft in Europe - making it the highest scoring U. S. fighter in the European theater of operations.    WW2 Fighters
   Blackburn Skua, Roc
   Boulton Paul Defiant
   Bristol Beaufighter
   de Havilland Hornet
   de Havilland Mosquito
   Fairey Firefly
   Fairey Fulmar
   Gloster Gladiator, Sea Gladiator
   Gloster Meteor
   Hawker Fury
   Hawker Hurricane, Sea Hurricane
   Hawker Sea Fury
   Hawker Tempest
   Hawker Tornado
   Hawker Typhoon
   Miles M.20
   Supermarine Seafire
   Supermarine Spiteful
   Supermarine Spitfire
   Westland Welkin
   Westland Whirlwind
   WW2 Bombers
   Armstrong Whitworth Albemarle
   Armstrong Whitworth Whitley
   Avro Lancaster
   Avro Lincoln
   Avro Manchester
   Fairey Albacore
   Fairey Barracuda
   Fairey Battle
   Fairey Swordfish
   Blackburn Botha
   Blackburn Firebrand
   Bristol Beaufort
   Bristol Blenheim
   Bristol Brigand
   Bristol Buckingham
   Douglas A-20 Havoc
   Handley Page Halifax
   Handley Page Hampden
   Short Stirling
   Vickers Wellesley
   Vickers Wellington
   WW2 Transport aircraft
   Airspeed Horsa
   Avro York
   General Aircraft Hamilcar
   General Aircraft Hotspur
   General Aircraft Twin Hotspur
   Douglas C-47 (Dakota)
   WW2 Other aircraft
   de Havilland Hornet Moth
   Miles Messenger
   Short Seaford
   Short Sunderland
   Supermarine Sea Otter
   Supermarine Walrus
   Vickers Warwick
   Military aircraft
   Eurofighter
   Eurocopter
   Harrier
   Russian helicopters
   Mil Mi-24 Hind
   Mil Mi-28 Havoc
   Mil Mi-40
   Kamov Ka-50
   Swedish weapons
   ARTHUR WLS (weapon locating system)
   RBS 15 Antiship missile system
   RBS 70 portable surface to air missile system
   Current american military aircraft
   A-6E Intruder
   A-10/OA-10 Thunderbolt II
   AC-130H/U Spectre/Spooky
   AV-8B Harrier II
   B-1B Lancer
   B-2 Spirit
   B-52 Stratofortress
   C-130 Hercules
   KC-130J
   C-141 Starlifter
   C-17 Globemaster III
   C-2A Greyhound
   C-20 Gulfstream III
   C-21A Learjet
   C-5A/B Galaxy
   E2-C Hawkeye
   E-3 Sentry
   Boeing E-4B
   E-8C Joint STARS
   EA-6B Prowler
   EF-111A Raven
   ES-3 Shadow
   General Dynamics F-111
   F-117A Nighthawk
   F-14 Tomcat
   F-15 Eagle
   F-15E Strike Eagle
   F-16 Fighting Falcon
   F/A-18 Hornet
   F/A-18E Super Hornet
   F-22 Raptor
   F-35 Lighting II (JSF - Joint Strike Fighter)
   KC-135 Stratotanker
   KC-10A Extender
   OV-10 Bronco
   P-3C Orion
   S-3B Viking
   SR-71 Blackbird
   T-1A Jayhawk
   T-3A Firefly
   T-37 Tweet
   T-38 Talon
   T-43A
   The Blue Angels
   The Thunderbirds
   Lockheed U-2R/U-2S
   V-22A Osprey
   VC-25A Air Force One
   Current military helicopters
   AH-1 HueyCobra / AH-1J SeaCobra
   AH-64 Apache
   CH-46 Sea Knight
   CH-47 Chinook
   CH-53E Super Stallion / MH-53E Sea Dragon
   H-3 Sea King
   HH-65A Dolphin
   RAH-66 Comanche
   SH-60 Seahawk
   Current weapons of american aircraft and helicopters
   AGM (Air-to-Ground Missiles)
   AGM-114 Hellfire
   AGM-119 (Penguin Mk.3)
   AGM-123 Skipper II
   AGM-129 ACM
   AGM-130A
   AGM-142 Have Nap
   AGM-154A JSOW
   AGM-158 JASSM
   AGM-45 Shrike
   AGM-62 Walleye
   AGM-65 Maverick
   AGM-84D/E Harpoon/SLAM
   AGM-86B/C ALCM
   AGM-88 HARM
   BGM-71 TOW
   AIM (Air Intercept aerial Missiles)
   AIM-4 Falcon
   AIM-7 Sparrow
   AIM-9 Sidewinder
   AIM-54 Phoenix
   AIM-120 AMRAAM
   FIM-92 Stinger
   Cannons
   20mm M61A1 Vulcan
   20mm cannon M197
   30mm M230 Chain Gun
   30mm cannon GAU-8/A
   Boeing 27mm cannon
   Bombs
   LGB Paveway
   Guided bomb units
   American postwar aircraft
   A-3 Skywarrior
   A-37 Dragonfly
   A-4 Skyhawk
   A-5 Vigilante
   A-7 Corsair II
   B-36 Peacemaker
   B-45 Tornado
   B-47 Stratojet
   B-50 Superfortress
   B-58 Hustler
   F-82 Twin Mustang
   F-84 Thunderjet
   F-84F Thunderstreak
   F-86 Sabre
   F-89 Scorpion
   F-94 Starfire
   F-100 Super Sabre
   F-101 Voodoo
   F-102A Delta Dagger
   F-104 Starfighter
   F-105 Thunderchief
   F-106 Delta Dart
   F-107
   F-2 (F2H) Banshee
   F-3 (F3H) Demon
   F-4 Phantom II
   F-5A Freedom Fighter/
   F-5E Tiger II
   F-20 (F-5G) Tigershark
   F-6 (F4D) Skyray
   F6U Pirate
   F7U Cutlass
   F-8 (F8U) Crusader
   F-9 (F9F) Panther/Cougar
   F-10 (F3D) Skyknight
   F-11 (F11F) Tiger
   FJ-1 (F-1) Fury
   P2V Neptune
   P-59 Airacomet
   P-80 Shooting Star
   XB-70 Valkyrie
   XF-108 Rapier
   War american aircraft
   Bombers
   Douglas A-1 Skyraider
   Douglas A-20 Boston / Havoc
   Douglas A-24 Banshee
   Douglas A-26 Invader
   Brewster A-32
   North American A-36 Apache
   Beechcraft A-38 Grizzly
   Martin AM Mauler
   Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress
   Douglas B-18 Bolo
   Douglas B-19
   Douglas B-23 Dragon
   Consolidated B-24 Liberator
   North American B-25 Mitchell
   Martin B-26 Marauder
   North American B-28
   Boeing B-29 Superfortress
       (+Hiroshima, Nagasaki)
   Convair B-32 Dominator
   Lockheed B-34 Lexingon
   Northrop B-35 Flying Wing
   Douglas B-42 Mixmaster
   Lockheed PV Harpoon/B-37 Ventura
   Brewster SB2A Buccaneer
   Curtiss SB2C Helldiver
   Douglas SB2D
   Vought SB2U Vindicator
   Douglas SBD Dauntless
   Douglas TBD Devastator
   Grumman TBF Avenger
   Vought TBU
   Vultee TBY Sea Wolf
   Fighters
   Brewster F2A Buffalo
   Grumman F4F Wildcat
   Vought F4U Corsair
   Grumman F6F Hellcat
   Grumman F7F Tigercat
   Grumman F8F Bearcat
   Lockheed P-38 Lightning
   Bell P-39 Airacobra
   Curtiss P-40 Warhawk
   Republic P-43 Lancer
   Republic P-47 Thunderbolt
   Grumman P-50 Skyrocket
   North American P-51 Mustang
   Northrop P-56 Black Bullet
   Lockheed P-58 Chain Lightning
   Bell P-59 Airacomet
   Northrop P-61 Black Widow
   Bell P-63 Kingcobra
   McDonnell P-67 Bat
   Douglas P-70
   GM / Fisher P-75 Eagle
   Bell XP-77
   Bell YFM-1 Airacuda
   Transport aircraft
   Curtiss C-46 Commando
   Douglas C-47 Skytrain
   Douglas C-53 Skytrooper
   Douglas C-54 Skymaster
   Fairchild C-61 Forwarder
   Noorduyn UC-64 Norseman
   Curtiss Wright C-76 Caravan
   Other aircraft
   Stinson L-1 Vigilant
   Taylorcraft L-2 Grasshopper
   Aeronca L-3 Grasshopper
   Piper L-4 Grasshopper
   Stinson L-5 Sentinel
   Vought OS2U Kingfisher
   Consolidated PB4Y Privateer
   Martin PBM Mariner
   Consolidated PBY Catalina
   Helicopters
   Sikorsky R-4 /HNS-1
   Sikorsky R-5 / HO2S-1 / HO3S
   Sikorsky R-6 / HOS-1
   D-Day Air Show, Reading, PA, 2001
   Pics from movie
   Other articles related to air section
   USAF Ranks - Officers
   USAF Tail Codes
   U.S. Navy
   Naval terminology
   Naval Terms and Expressions
   US Navy Ranks - Officers
   US Navy Aircrafts Tail Codes
   USMC Ranks - Officers
   American carriers
   All U.S. carriers list
   USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63)
   USS Constellation (CV-64)
   USS Enterprise (CVN-65)
   USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67)
   USS Nimitz (CVN-68)
   USS Dwight D. Eisenhower (CVN-69)
   USS Carl Vinson (CVN-70)
   USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71)
   USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72)
   USS George Washington (CVN-73)
   USS John C. Stennis (CVN-74)
   USS Harry S. Truman (CVN-75)
   USS Ronald Reagan (CVN-76) - plunged through the waters
   USS George H.W. Bush (CVN-77) - expected to join the fleet in 2009
   American submarines
   Attack Submarines - SSN
   Ballistic Missile Submarines - SSBN
   Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle - DSRV


   Recovery of the USS Cole
   American naval weapons
   AGM-84D/E Harpoon/SLAM
   BGM-109 Tomahawk
   Phalanx CIWS
   RIM-7M Sea Sparrow
   Mark 38 ~ 25 mm machine gun
   Mark 45 ~ 5-inch, lightweight gun
   Mark 75 ~ 76mm gun
   Mark 75 ~ 76mm gun
   SLBM Trident
   U.S. Navy Mines
   U.S. Navy Torpedoes
   Torpedo Mark-48 - attack
   Vertical Launching System VLS
   U.S. Navy SEALs
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