The Vok Probe game off high levels of stable energon radiation, which it could release as an offensive burst, rendering Transformers unconscious. It has the ability to teleport other beings, or digitize their physical forms while maintaining their consciousness within itself for study. It can transport itself through transwarp space, or dematerialize at will.
The Vok Probe is neither sentient nor sapient.
The Vok Probe's interior is a mixture of mechanical and biological elements typical of Vok technology, but it seems to be animal-based rather than plant-based like later examples. This is probably an artistic choice.